Customs and habits at lt the moment of the counts lt of Sponheim
(approx. in 1248)
The sedate rights confirm Johann Graf of Spon heim and his hereditary son Gottfried , b ecause of whom they have agreed with the jurors and the municipality of Enkirch ( Enkerich ). The counts are obliged to screen , protection and support of the municipality . They have the right to u se a judge in the municipality ; indeed , nobody can be forced in the village to this office . The judge has to swear to this document ; he raises with knowledge of four jurors the pensions , holds court and falls judgments after the advice of the lay assessors . If he offends against it , he is punished after the mercy of the count .
The lay assessors per shilling of the count of settled punishment receive a pfennig from the b ig coaches of 60 shillings ; just as much the culprit pays with punishments to 50 shillings to judge and lay assessor ; with punishments more than 50 shillings the count pays the pfennigs . These attacking pfennigs are ever entitled half of it to the judge and the lay assessors . Per cartload wine from the vineyards are to be paid to the count two Burden according to growth of the wine and according to portion which the people receive .
By all ( court ) sites and people who have already paid earlier to the count are to be paid in whale pure G sharp ( 1st of May ) and in Remigii ( 1st of October ) within 8 days 6 pfennigs with the wine interest ; Besthäupter are not demanded . The count wants to spare the knighthood and her conjugal children ; they have from the houses in which they live to pay nothing ; vineyards and court sites which were free up to now of deliveries remain this also future . Businessmen have to pay from fruits for 5 shillings of value a pfennig to the count for other things up to a value of 5 shillings nothing . The castle people to Starkenburg of ( Starckenbruch ), the subservient knighthood of home Spon , theirs , her conjugal children and the priest of the parish church have to pay for necessary clothes and food nothing .
The Weinschank is entitled during three weeks to the count ; erkann place any time in the year to spell and for above and b elow u sual price sell . Otherwise , in this term nobody may tap wine ; the count has to announce the intention of the municipality 14 days b efore . Who offends against it , pays to the count 5 shillings and 4 jurors 6 pfennigs .
If of the count or his successors the oldest son acquires the knighthood , the people to this son pay , b ut to nobody widens 50 pounds trierischer ( trierers ) coin . If no son exists , the oldest daughter receives 50 pounds to the wedding .
The count should take no hostel in the village . If he holds for necessary to fasten the village with planks or walls , the people have to put only one gate and the churchyard with the tower . For the care of the steeple in times of war the jurors should order 4 men who have to swear to the count and the municipality . If one is obviously disloyal of it , he should be substituted with another . The municipality b ears the costs for these guardians . If the count wants to u se in addition more people , he has to arise for their needs .
If the municipality asks the count to send other guardians to the protection of the village , she arises for the costs . Nobody should do other outrageously a grief ; complaints are to be delivered b efore the judge . Noblemen and servants who are connected to the count by man's fief are obliged to the judge not to answer . Nobody should depart or move there without knowledge and will of the judge and the lay assessors .
Who is transferred of 2 lay assessors to have u sed terms of abuse , pays 1 shilling of coaches . Blows and Haarraufen without open wounds are punished with 5 shillings , open wounds , wrong weight and measure with 60 shillings as well as compensation after the judgment of the friends ; b ig crimes are heavier punished after the legal habit and the judgment of the judge . Who cheats with the b read , pays 60 shillings or suffers the scale .
If with debt complaints the defendant proves his innocence by oath b efore the judge , he pays nothing . If the plaintiff wins , however , the defendant has to pay the guilt , moreover , 6 shillings to the judge .
Who confiscates goods illegally , is wrong and to make up for damage , in addition from every pound which is worth the property to pay 1 shilling to the count 6, to the lay assessor . If he is in the right , the former owner pays just as much , in addition the damage of the defendant .
If the municipality wants to fasten the village and asks for an additional delivery from purchase and sales the count to him should grant . If he is involved in protection of the country in a war , the municipality to him and his descendants is obliged for help . The people have to appear according to advice of the jurors with reisigem Perd (horse), suit of armour and weapons , with horse , tank and lower arming or with b ody skirts ( schecken ), spit and iron b onnet ; the village must remain guarded .
The horses and itself have to supply the people at own expenses with feed and Vomiting ; if the count needs them longer , he arises for all necessary . So it is complained against the people on compensation , the count arises for it , b ecause he has called them .
Before the extract the judge and 4 lt sworn horses and weapons have to scrutinise. lt For defective b ody skirts are 2 shillings, for horses and lt tanks 5 shillings to pay horses and suits of armour 10 lt shillings to the count for b rushwood. To lt the security have sealed b oth exhibitors, father and son, her b rothers or u ncles Heinrich Mr. von lt Heinsberg ( Hemis-
The faithful of the exhibitors , noblemen and castle people , have sworn that these freedoms of the village should be never b roken with her advice .
These things have lt happened in 1248 in the month October